Below is the list of all words and concepts one should know prior to using CBD :
- Broad-Spectrum: Type of CBD that contains all of the cannabis or hemp’s cannabinoids, including CBD, CBG, CBN,… but no THC (there may be some traces though). It can still produce the “Entourage Effect”.
- Cannabidiol: Also known as CBD is a naturally occurring compound found in the cannabis plant. It is one of the many cannabinoids found in cannabis, along with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Unlike THC, CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it does not produce the “high” or intoxicating effects typically associated with cannabis use. Instead, CBD is known for its potential therapeutic properties and is commonly used to help manage a variety of health conditions, including anxiety, depression, pain, and inflammation. CBD works by interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters found throughout the body. The ECS plays a key role in regulating a wide range of physiological functions, including mood, sleep, appetite, immune function, and pain perception. CBD is typically extracted from the hemp plant, a variety of cannabis that is low in THC and high in CBD. It is often sold in the form of oils, capsules, edibles, topicals, and other products. While CBD is generally considered safe and well-tolerated, it can interact with certain medications and may cause side effects in some individuals. As with any supplement or medication, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before using CBD..
- Cannabigerol : Also known as CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It is considered to be one of the “minor” cannabinoids, as it is typically present in much lower concentrations than THC or CBD. CBG is formed from its precursor, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), which is converted by enzymes in the cannabis plant into a variety of other cannabinoids, including THC and CBD. Because CBG is an early precursor to these other cannabinoids, it is often referred to as the “stem cell” cannabinoid. CBG has been found to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a role in regulating a variety of physiological processes, including pain sensation, mood, appetite, and sleep. Some studies suggest that CBG may have potential therapeutic benefits for conditions such as glaucoma, inflammatory bowel disease, and certain types of cancer. Like other cannabinoids, CBG is typically extracted from the cannabis plant and can be consumed in a variety of forms, including oils, capsules, and topicals. However, because CBG is present in such low concentrations in most cannabis strains, it can be relatively expensive to extract and produce. As a result, CBG products are often more costly than those containing other cannabinoids like THC or CBD.
- Cannabinoid : It is a class of chemical compounds that interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS is a complex signaling system that plays a role in regulating many physiological processes, including mood, appetite, pain, and inflammation. Cannabinoids can be found in a variety of sources, including the cannabis plant and the human body. The two most well-known cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol), both of which are found in the cannabis plant. THC is the primary psychoactive compound in cannabis and is responsible for the “high” that is associated with cannabis use. CBD, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive and is believed to have a range of therapeutic benefits, including reducing anxiety, promoting relaxation, and reducing inflammation. In addition to THC and CBD, there are many other cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant, including CBG (cannabigerol), CBN (cannabinol), and THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin), among others. Each cannabinoid interacts with the body’s ECS in its own way, and may have unique therapeutic properties.
- Cannabinol : Also known as CBN is a cannabinoid that is found in the cannabis plant. It is formed when THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is exposed to air and begins to degrade. As such, CBN is typically found in aged cannabis or in cannabis products that have been stored for an extended period of time. CBN is known to have some psychoactive effects, although they are typically milder than those of THC. It is believed to interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, although the specific mechanisms by which it produces its effects are not yet fully understood. CBN is also believed to have some potential therapeutic applications. Some studies have suggested that it may have sedative effects, which could make it useful for treating sleep disorders such as insomnia. It may also have antibacterial properties, and could potentially be used to treat conditions such as MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections. Overall, while CBN is not as well-studied as some other cannabinoids, it appears to have some interesting properties and may have some potential uses in medicine.
- Carrier oil: It is a type of oil that is often used to dilute and “carry” essential oils or other concentrated substances for use in aromatherapy, massage, and other applications. Carrier oils are typically made from vegetable-based oils, such as coconut, jojoba, almond, or grapeseed oil. Carrier oils are used for a number of reasons. First, they help to dilute concentrated substances, making them safer and easier to use. They also help to spread essential oils or other substances more evenly over the skin, making them more effective. In addition, carrier oils can provide additional therapeutic benefits of their own, such as moisturizing and nourishing the skin. When selecting a carrier oil, it’s important to choose a high-quality oil that is suitable for your specific needs. Some carrier oils may be more suitable for dry or oily skin, while others may have a stronger scent or different consistency. It’s also important to look for carrier oils that are organic and free from additives or synthetic ingredients.
- CB1 and CB2 receptors: They are two types of receptors that are part of the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex signaling system in the human body that plays a role in regulating many physiological processes. CB1 receptors are primarily found in the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), although they are also present in other parts of the body. These receptors are responsible for mediating the psychoactive effects of THC, the primary psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CB1 receptors are involved in regulating a wide range of physiological processes, including pain, mood, appetite, and memory. CB2 receptors are primarily found in immune cells and peripheral tissues, although they are also present in the central nervous system. These receptors are involved in regulating immune function, inflammation, and pain. Unlike CB1 receptors, CB2 receptors are not directly involved in mediating the psychoactive effects of THC. Both CB1 and CB2 receptors are activated by cannabinoids, which are a class of compounds found in cannabis and other plants. THC, for example, binds strongly to CB1 receptors, while other cannabinoids such as CBD (cannabidiol) and CBG (cannabigerol) bind more weakly or not at all to these receptors. The activation of CB1 and CB2 receptors by cannabinoids can have a range of effects on the body and may have therapeutic potential for a variety of conditions.
- CBD Isolate: it is Pure CBD. It contains only one cannabinoid: CBD and therefore does not contain THC at all nor terpenes. It will not produce the “Entourage Effect”.
- Certificate of analysis (COA) / Lab certificates: It is a document that provides detailed information about the contents of a CBD product. These documents are typically generated by an independent third-party laboratory that has tested the product for purity, potency, and safety. CBD COAs typically include information about the concentration of CBD and other cannabinoids in the product, as well as information about any contaminants or impurities that were detected during testing. The COA may also provide information about the terpene profile of the product, which can affect the taste and smell of the product. The purpose of a CBD COA is to provide transparency and ensure that consumers have access to accurate and reliable information about the contents of the CBD product they are considering purchasing. By reviewing a COA, consumers can verify that a product contains the amount of CBD and other cannabinoids advertised on the label, and can also ensure that the product does not contain harmful contaminants or impurities. It’s important to note that not all CBD products will have a COA available, and consumers should exercise caution when purchasing products that do not have independent lab testing. Additionally, it’s important to ensure that the COA provided matches the specific product being considered, as different batches or formulations of a product may have different test results.
- CO2 Extraction: CO2 extraction is a method of extracting CBD (cannabidiol) and other beneficial compounds from the hemp plant using carbon dioxide gas. CO2 extraction is considered to be one of the most efficient and effective methods of extracting CBD from the plant, as it allows for the preservation of the plant’s natural cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The process of CO2 extraction involves subjecting the hemp plant material to high pressure and low temperatures, which causes the CO2 gas to change from a gas to a liquid state. This liquid CO2 is then used to extract the desired compounds from the plant material, with the resulting extract containing high levels of CBD and other beneficial compounds. One of the advantages of CO2 extraction is that it is a clean and safe method of extraction, as it does not require the use of harmful solvents or chemicals. Additionally, CO2 extraction allows for precise control over the extraction process, which can result in higher-quality and more consistent products. Products made with CO2 extracted CBD are often preferred by consumers because they are considered to be more pure and potent compared to other extraction methods. CO2 extracted CBD can be found in a variety of products, including oils, tinctures, edibles, and topicals. It’s important to note that not all CBD products are made with CO2 extracted CBD. At EMPE-USA, we use this method of extraction from our Florida organic Hemp.
- E-liquid / Vape juice: CBD e-liquid, also known as CBD vape juice or CBD vape oil, is a liquid that is used in electronic vaporizers or e-cigarettes to deliver the therapeutic benefits of CBD (cannabidiol). CBD e-liquid is made by blending CBD extract with a carrier liquid, which is typically a mix of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG). The CBD extract used in e-liquids may be full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate, depending on the desired effect. CBD e-liquid is popular among those who prefer to inhale their CBD rather than consume it orally. Inhaling CBD allows for faster absorption into the bloodstream, which can result in quicker onset of effects. CBD e-liquid may also be more bioavailable than other forms of CBD, meaning that a higher percentage of the CBD is absorbed by the body. It’s worth noting that while CBD e-liquid is generally considered safe, there are some potential risks associated with vaping, including lung irritation and damage. Additionally, some CBD e-liquids may contain harmful additives or contaminants, so it’s important to choose products from reputable brands and to review third-party lab test results (Certificate of Analysis or COA) for the product before use. EMPE-USA is manufacturing all its product in a GMP facility and can provide all those certificates made by third party laboratories.
- Edible: CBD edibles are food products that are infused with CBD (cannabidiol), a non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CBD edibles can take many forms, including gummies, chocolates, baked goods, and beverages, among others. CBD edibles are an increasingly popular way to consume CBD, as they offer a convenient and discreet way to consume CBD without the need for smoking or vaping. CBD edibles are typically made by infusing food products with CBD oil or isolate, which can be purchased from a variety of retailers. The amount of CBD in each edible can vary depending on the product, and it is important to read the label and follow dosage instructions carefully. One advantage of CBD edibles is that they provide a slow and steady release of CBD over a longer period of time, as the CBD is absorbed through the digestive system. This can make them a good option for people who want to experience the benefits of CBD throughout the day. However, it’s important to note that the effects of CBD edibles can take longer to onset compared to other forms of CBD, as the CBD must be digested and metabolized by the body before it can be absorbed into the bloodstream. It’s also important to be aware of the potential for unintended effects or interactions with other medications, and to consult with a healthcare provider before using CBD edibles or other CBD products.
- Entourage Effect: Mechanism that states that combining all the compounds, terpene, cannabinoids and flavonoids from the hemp flower will produce a more potent effect together rather than separately.
- Ethanol Extraction: Ethanol extraction is another common method of extracting CBD, which involves using ethanol (grain alcohol) to extract the desired compounds from the hemp plant. Ethanol extraction is less expensive and faster than CO2 extraction, and is also considered to be a safe method of extraction. However, ethanol extraction may result in a lower-quality extract compared to CO2 extraction, as the process can also extract unwanted plant material and chlorophyll.
- Full-Spectrum CBD: Type of CBD that contains all of the cannabis or hemp’s cannabinoids, including CBD, CBG, CBN,… and THC (within the limit of 0.3% under the 2018 Farm Bill). If you want to maximize the effect of CBD, you will choose full-spectrum CBD. It will produce the “Entourage Effect” for maximum benefits. You may fail a drug test when consuming Full-Spectrum CBD.
- Hemp oil vs hemp tincture: Hemp oil and hemp tincture are two different products made from the hemp plant, although they are often confused or used interchangeably. Hemp oil, also known as hemp seed oil, is derived from the seeds of the hemp plant. It is a rich source of essential fatty acids and other nutrients, but does not contain significant amounts of CBD or other cannabinoids. Hemp oil is often used as a culinary oil or as an ingredient in skincare products. Hemp tincture, on the other hand, is made by extracting the compounds from the leaves, flowers, and stalks of the hemp plant using alcohol or another solvent. This process results in a concentrated liquid that contains high levels of CBD and other cannabinoids, as well as other plant compounds like terpenes and flavonoids. Hemp tincture is typically used for its therapeutic benefits, and can be taken orally or added to food and drinks. One key difference between hemp oil and hemp tincture is the presence of CBD and other cannabinoids. While hemp oil contains very little CBD or other cannabinoids, hemp tincture is specifically formulated to contain high levels of these compounds. Additionally, because hemp tincture is a concentrated liquid, it may be more potent than other forms of CBD, and may have a more rapid onset of effects. It’s important to note that not all hemp tinctures are created equal, and the quality and potency of the product can vary depending on the extraction method, the source of the hemp, and other factors.
- Hybrid: It is a mix between indica and sativa strains. Those strains usually have a dominant effect even if they can be balanced between the 2. Common Hybrid strains are Blue Dream, Scout Cookies and Prickly Pineapple.
- Indica: It is one of the 3 types of CBD strains. Effects commonly associated with Indica plants are relaxation, pain relieve and rest/sleep. It is usually taken at night. Common Indica strains are Berries & Cream, Blueberry Cream, Juicy Watermelon, Strawberry Shortcake and Watermelon Zkittles.
- MCT oil: It stands for Medium-Chain Triglycerides oil, which is a type of dietary fat that is derived from coconut oil or palm kernel oil. MCT oil is composed of medium-chain fatty acids, which are easily absorbed and metabolized by the body. MCT oil has gained popularity as a dietary supplement and as an ingredient in various products, including coffee, smoothies, and salad dressings. This is because MCT oil is believed to offer a range of potential health benefits, including:
Improved energy and athletic performance
Increased feelings of fullness and reduced appetite
Improved cognitive function
In addition to its potential health benefits, MCT oil is also popular among people following a low-carb or ketogenic diet, as it can be used as a source of energy in place of carbohydrates. MCT oil is typically tasteless and odorless, making it a versatile ingredient in many different types of foods and beverages. It is also widely available at health food stores and online retailers. It’s worth noting that while MCT oil is generally considered safe, consuming large amounts of it may cause digestive upset, including nausea, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. Additionally, some people may be allergic to MCT oil or experience an upset stomach when first starting to consume it, so it’s important to start with a small amount and gradually increase the dosage over time.
- Psychoactive : Psychoactive refers to a substance or drug that affects the central nervous system and alters brain function, resulting in changes to mood, perception, consciousness, or behavior. Psychoactive substances can be both legal and illegal, and include a wide range of drugs such as alcohol, caffeine, nicotine, cannabis, and opioids. The term “psychoactive” comes from the Greek words “psyche,” meaning mind or soul, and “active,” meaning capable of producing an effect. Psychoactive drugs can produce a range of effects on the brain and body, from relaxation and euphoria to anxiety and hallucinations. CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning that it isn’t intoxicating and will not get you “high”.
- Sativa: It is one of the 3 types of CBD strains. Effects commonly associated with Sativa plants are stimulation, meaning more energy and more focus. It is usually taken during the day. Common Sativa strains are Green Crack, Ripe Strawberry and Sour Diesel.
- Terpenes: Also called terps. They are the natural chemical compounds of the hemp that are responsible for the aroma, scent and flavor of the flower. They have a lot of properties and health benefits on the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) especially when associated to cannabinoids (this is what we call the “Entourage Effect”). There is 120 terpenes in the hemp and the main are the Myrcene, Beta-caryophyllene, Alpha-humulene, Limonene, Linalool and Pinene. You will find Terpenes in Full-Spectrum and Broad Spectrum CBD products but you will not find it in Isolate CBD.
- THC: Short for tetrahydrocannabinol or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol. It is one of the cannabinoids that you find in the cannabis or hemp flower. It is the psychoactive compound. It is responsible for the effects of the “High” feeling.
- Tincture: A CBD tincture is a liquid form of CBD (cannabidiol) that is typically made by steeping CBD-rich hemp flowers in high-proof alcohol or another solvent. The resulting liquid is then strained and bottled with a dropper for easy dosing. CBD tinctures may also contain other beneficial plant compounds, such as terpenes and flavonoids. CBD tinctures are a popular way to consume CBD, as they offer a convenient and discreet way to take CBD without the need for smoking or vaping. They can be taken orally by placing a few drops under the tongue, where they are absorbed into the bloodstream, or they can be added to food or beverages. CBD tinctures are available in a range of concentrations and flavors, and may also be labeled as CBD drops or CBD oil. It’s important to choose a high-quality CBD tincture from a reputable brand, and to review third-party lab test results (Certificate of Analysis or COA) for the product before use. This can help ensure that the product is free from contaminants and that the CBD concentration is accurate.
- Topical: It is a product that is applied directly to the skin and contains CBD (cannabidiol), a non-psychoactive compound found in cannabis. CBD topicals come in a variety of forms, including creams, lotions, balms, salves, and patches. CBD topicals are popular among people who want to target specific areas of the body for localized relief, such as sore muscles, joint pain, or skin irritations. When applied to the skin, CBD topicals are absorbed through the skin and interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a role in regulating many physiological processes, including pain and inflammation. CBD topicals may also contain other ingredients, such as essential oils, menthol, or camphor, which can enhance the therapeutic benefits of the product. For example, menthol and camphor are often used in topical pain relievers to provide a cooling or warming sensation that can help to soothe sore muscles and joints. It’s important to note that while CBD topicals are generally considered safe, they may interact with other medications or cause skin irritation in some individuals. It’s also important to choose products from reputable brands that have been third-party lab tested (Certificate of Analysis or COA) for purity, potency, and safety.
- (to be continued)